Black truffle is an edible, succulent, fleshy mushroom. The common name for this delicious fungi is Tuberculium which means 'underground'. In fact, the fungi that produce this tasty blackish fungus are from beneath the earth. As such, they live underground in dark, damp places.
A truffle is actually a fruiting body of an ascomycete, a type of subterranean ascomycetous fungus, mostly one of the more popular species of the family Tuberculiaceae. Other genera of these fungi are commonly referred to as black truffles and included in the truffle family are Geopora, Geocarpus, Ptychostrea, Peziza, Fungi belonging to the Leucangia, Leucaenia, and a few others. Common species in the Tuberculiaceae family, the Black Truffle, grows on decaying organic material. The fungi that produce it can survive in very low quantities. However, when they are grown in quantities of several ounces, they can produce a good-tasting mushroom. As the fungi grow, the surface area increases, and when this happens, they become darker.
The flavor of the black truffle has been compared to that of cheese or to that of wine. It has also been called "The King of Fungi". The main difference between a black truffle and other fungi is that the other fungi can be found in fresh compost, where the black ones are usually found in soil. Some of them have also been found in manure. The black truffle in the soil is actually a fungus that is naturally present in the soil. When cultivated, the fungus can produce the same characteristics as its natural counterpart.
The ascomycetes or fungi that are found in soil are called ascomycetous fungi. The black truffle in soil has a unique feature which is that it grows on the surface of decaying organic material. This means that unlike most mushrooms that grow on the surface of the mushroom, the black truffle grows on the soil where there is decomposed organic matter. A decomposing substance is found on the surface of organic material which has been in contact with the air for a long time, such as decaying meat or poultry droppings or even on the decaying wood.
When decomposing material is exposed to the air, it will turn into droppings which are then deposited onto the ground. When these are left there, these contain fungi that have the ability to reproduce and spread. These fungi can reproduce quickly and, thus spreading themselves around and infecting everything in their path.
During the decomposition process of the decomposition is hastened by the presence of microorganisms. The fungi which take advantage of this decomposition process eat the microorganisms that exist in the decomposing material.
The presence of ascomycetes or fungi is not a disadvantage for these fungi. In fact, the ascomycetes or fungi provide them with food. When these fungi feed on the microorganisms, they release oxygen, which aids in the decomposition process and helps to speed up the process. Since the fungi feed on the decomposing material, the temperature of the soil will be reduced, resulting in quicker decomposition.
The number of ascomycetes or fungi present in the soil's oxygen level will also affect the decomposition of decaying organic matter. If the soil is rich in ascomycetes or fungi, the soil's moisture will be increased and the fungi will feed on this moisture, creating a moist environment in which the decomposing organic matter will decay rapidly in.
Fungi that grow in the black truffle, like the ascomycetes or fungi in the decomposition process, thrive in a dark, damp environment, thus the truffle salt can be used to create this kind of environment. The black truffle salt is also effective in controlling the growth of fungus since it can make the area dark and damp.
The black truffle salt contains enzymes that are responsible for breaking down protein, carbohydrates, fat, and other materials. As mentioned, the black truffle's use for the decomposing organic matter breaks down proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and other materials. The ascomycetes or fungi will break down in this manner when the fungi feed on the decomposing matter materials. When the black truffle is used for cooking purposes, these materials can be broken down further, which results in a high reduction in cooking times.
Black truffles can be prepared in numerous ways. You can use the salt to make jam or to use it as a garnish on various foods. The black truffle salt also has a pleasant smell, and many people claim that it tastes good when eaten, making the addition of this ingredient in your meals a great way to improve the taste of food.